COMPLETE AN ACADEMIC POSTER IN POWERPOINT ACADEMIC POSTER TEMPLATE (SEE FOLLOWING LINK)
This aims to provide the student the opportunity to demonstrate competency in disseminating the information integral to the role of the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner.
To complete this assignment, address the following criteria:
- Posters should include the following content:
- A Project Title. This should be placed towards the top of the poster, including the authors' names and university affiliations.
- An Introduction section. This should highlight the problem addressed in a brief literature review with citations and your hypothesis or hypotheses.
- The Purpose section: The poster states the objectives of this inquiry relative to the overall evidence-based literature review on this topic. The PICO question WE HAVE BEEN DEVELOPING (SEE ATTACHEMENTS, PLEASE INCLUDE IN THE PICO QUESTION NOW ON THE SPECIFIC PHARMACOLOGICALCLASSIFICATION / MEDICATION USED TO COMPARED TO MINDFULLNES IN THE PICO ?) should be added here.
- The Methods/Search Strategy section. An overview of how you studied your primary source(s): Describe the evidence-based solution. How was it developed? Include the theoretical framework (if applicable). Identify databases searched and inclusion/exclusion criteria. A literature flow diagram SPECIFIC TO THIS PICO QUESTION must SHOW IN this assignment.
- The Results The poster describes the search, the number of studies included, and the level of evidence (only Level 1 or Level 2 articles should be used).
- The Synthesis of Evidence. The poster briefly describes the synthesis of the evidence, including major trends and notable gaps, by comparing and contrasting each article.
- The Implications for Practice section. The poster includes recommendations for practice, education, or future research based on the review and synthesis of the evidence. Specifically, discuss the implications of the PMHNP role.
- A References section. Ensure your references include at least 8 references(BOOK OR JOURNAL ARTICLES) FROM 2019 UP TO NOW with four primary research articles INCLUDED . Primary articles describe studies in which the authors collected the data themselves. References must be in the current APA format 7th edition. REFERENCES WILL NOT BE ADDED IN THE POSTER, INSTEAD, PLEASE ADD THEM TO A WORD DOCUMENT SINCE THERE IS NOT ENOUGH SPACE IN THE POSTER TO DEVELOP ALL THE INFO REQUESTED ABOVE. REFERENCES (8) IN TOTAL, 4 OF THEM NEED TO BE PRIMARY JOURNAL ARTICLES. FOR BOOK REFERENCES MAKE SURE TO INCLUDE PAGE NUMBER. IN GENERAL, PLEASE INCLUDE VOLUME, ISSUE, PAGE RANGE, AND DOI for articles. NO WEBSITES ALLOWED. PLAGIARISM MUST BE LESS THAN 10 %.
– Project Title: Thoroughly, accurately, and clearly reflect the content of the presentation.
– Introduction:The abstract states the objectives of this inquiry relative to the overall evidence-based literature review on this topic. Identifies a creative, focused, and manageable topic that addresses potentially significant and previously less explored aspects of the topic, problem, and/or project.
– Purpose: States the purpose of the study and why it is important to practice and/or patient care. Background information is engaging and leads to a clear purpose statement. Relevance to advanced practice nursing and the field of psychiatry is articulated well.
– Search Strategy: The poster identifies databases searched, inclusion/exclusion criteria, number of studies included and level of evidence. Methods are appropriate to address aim/question and connected to the purpose of the research; Identifies method used to support thesis or answer the research question.
– Synthesis of Evidence: The poster briefly describes the synthesis of the evidence that includes major trends and notable gaps in the research. Thorough comparison and contrast of findings are provided and relate to the main discussion points in the order of their appearance in the purpose statement. Focus is on research findings rather than research methods. Study limitations that might have led to different findings are discussed. Gaps and controversies that exist in the literature are clearly discussed.
– Implications for Practice: Does the poster present significance to psychiatry and is it relevant to the advanced practice nurse role? Does it include recommendations for practice, education, or future research based on the review and synthesis of the evidence? Thorough comparison and contrast of findings are provided and relate to the main discussion points in the order of their appearance in the purpose statement. FOCUS ON RESEARCH FINDINGS RATHER THAN RESEARCH METHODS.
– Writing: Identifies a creative, focused, and manageable topic that addresses potentially significant and previously less explored aspects of the topic, problem, and/or project. Writing is fluid, precise, and clear; lexicon of the field is clearly explained and defined; the tone is professional; vocabulary and syntax are mature; scholarly style and format are accurately used.
– The ABSTRACT (MUST CONTAIN ONE) is concise and coherent.
– Overall Appearance: The abstract presents significance to psychiatry and is it relevant to the advanced practice nurse role? Overall visually appealing; not cluttered; colors and patterns enhance readability; Uses font sizes/variations which facilitate the organization, presentation, and readability of the research Graphics (e.g., tables, figures, etc.) are engaging and enhance the text content is clearly arranged so that the viewer can understand order without narration.
– APA Formatting: Follows APA guidelines of components: double space, 12 pt. font, abstract, level headings, hanging indent and in-text citations. The references contain at least the 8 required current scholarly academic reference. Ensure your references include at least 8 references(BOOK OR JOURNAL ARTICLES) FROM 2019 UP TO NOW with four primary research articles INCLUDED . Primary articles describe studies in which the authors collected the data themselves. References must be in the current APA format 7th edition. REFERENCES WILL NOT BE ADDED IN THE POSTER, INSTEAD, PLEASE ADD THEM TO A WORD DOCUMENT SINCE THERE IS NOT ENOUGH SPACE IN THE POSTER TO DEVELOP ALL THE INFO REQUESTED ABOVE. REFERENCES (8) IN TOTAL, 4 OF THEM NEED TO BE PRIMARY JOURNAL ARTICLES. FOR BOOK REFERENCES MAKE SURE TO INCLUDE PAGE NUMBER. IN GENERAL, PLEASE INCLUDE VOLUME, ISSUE, PAGE RANGE, AND DOI for articles. NO WEBSITES ALLOWED. PLAGIARISM MUST BE LESS THAN 10 %.
Evaluating Mindfulness Meditation in PTSD Care for African American Males
Evaluating Mindfulness Meditation in PTSD Care for African American Males
My PICO question reads as follow: In African American males aged 18-30, how effective is the utilization of mindfulness meditation compared to traditional pharmacological treatments in managing symptoms of PTSD?
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric condition that arises as a consequence of individuals being exposed to very distressing and traumatic situations. Research conducted by Biggers et al. (2020) has shown that African American males in the United States, particularly those between the ages of 18 and 30, exhibit a greater prevalence of traumatic experiences. This gap may be explained by a variety of socioeconomic and environmental factors. This includes experiences with racial prejudice, acts of violence, and socioeconomic disparities.
Mindfulness meditation has garnered significant attention as a potential adjunctive or alternative therapeutic approach for various mental health disorders. This practice emphasizes the cultivation of present-moment awareness and wholehearted engagement, devoid of evaluative judgments. Consequently, it offers a non-pharmacological intervention that may be particularly appealing to individuals experiencing adverse effects from medication or harboring concerns regarding prolonged pharmaceutical utilization (Felsted, 2020). There is a need to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation in controlling PTSD symptoms, particularly when compared to the standard of care, which is conventional medication therapy. Given the particular problems and experiences of African-American men aged 18-30, the purpose of this PICO question is to determine whether mindfulness meditation may be an effective and realistic option in managing PTSD in this specific demographic.
The significance of this PICO question in relation to APN has great relevance, particularly within the dynamic field of psychiatric care in the United States. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continues to be a significant issue, with a specific focus on the vulnerability of African-American males aged 18-30. This vulnerability may be attributed to a combination of socio-economic, racial, and environmental stresses. Pharmacological interventions are often used as the first course of action; however, they are accompanied by significant adverse reactions and the possibility of developing dependence (Schmitz et al., 2021). In the context of APN, prioritizing patient-centered care necessitates the careful consideration and assessment of alternative or supplementary treatment options that are congruent with the unique requirements and cultural intricacies of individual patients.
Mindfulness meditation, which emphasizes present-focused awareness without judgment, offers a therapeutic potential that resonates with holistic nursing principles (Powers et al., 2023). For APNs, understanding its effectiveness compared to traditional treatments provides a broader arsenal of interventions, empowering them to tailor treatment plans that are both evidence-based and culturally sensitive.
Additionally, APNs engage in a crucial role in patient advocacy, education, and healthcare policy. They may promote the inclusion of these therapies in standard care protocols by responding to this question, ensuring that African-American males with PTSD get the most thorough and specialized care possible (Davis et al., 2019). In conclusion, this PICO question highlights the need of robust evidence in alternative therapy modalities and affirms APNs' commitment to providing culturally competent, patient-centered care in psychiatric settings.
Exploring mindfulness meditation as an intervention for PTSD in African-American males aged 18-30 is essential for advanced practice nursing. By addressing the unique needs of this population and offering a non-pharmacological approach, this research inquiry can enhance patient care, strengthen evidence-based practice, and ultimately foster holistic well-being within a historically underserved community.
Biggers, A., Spears, C. A., Sanders, K., Ong, J., Sharp, L. K., & Gerber, B. S. (2020). Promoting mindfulness in African American communities. Mindfulness, 11(10), 2274–2282. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01480-w
Davis, L. L., Whetsell, C., Hamner, M. B., Carmody, J., Rothbaum, B. O., Allen, R. S., Bartolucci, A., Southwick, S. M., & Bremner, J. D. (2019). A multisite randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based stress reduction in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatric Research and Clinical Practice, 1(2), 39–48. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.prcp.20180002
Felsted, K. F. (2020). Mindfulness, stress, and aging. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 36(4), 685-696. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cger.2020.06.010
Powers, A., Lathan, E. C., Dixon, H. D., Mekawi, Y., Hinrichs, R., Carter, S., Bradley, B., & Kaslow, N. J. (2023). Primary care-based mindfulness intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms among black adults: A pilot feasibility and acceptability randomized controlled trial. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 15(5), 858-867. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0001390
Schmitz, J. C., Prenoveau, J. M., Papadakis, A. A., Johnson, A. J., Lating, J. M., Mendelson, T., & Dariotis, J. K. (2021). Mindfulness and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity in urban African-American high school students. Psychiatric Quarterly, 92(2021), 85-99. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09774-x
Evidence-Based Research Methods
Evidence-Based Research Methods
In conducting an evidence-based research study for the selected PICO question— “In African American males aged 18-30, how effective is the utilization of mindfulness meditation compared to traditional pharmacological treatments in managing symptoms of PTSD?”—various databases were consulted to collect the most relevant and high-quality information available. The databases searched include PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, CINAHL, and PsychINFO (Sun et al., 2022). Each database offers unique strengths: PubMed for its focus on life sciences and biomedical papers; Scopus for its comprehensive coverage of scientific, technical, medical, and social science research; Google Scholar for its extensive but non-specific coverage; CINAHL for nursing and allied health literature; and PsychINFO for its specialization in psychology and behavioral sciences.
Search terms were meticulously chosen to maximize the relevance of the results. Keywords such as "African American males," "PTSD," "mindfulness meditation," and "pharmacological treatments" were utilized both singularly and in combination, employing Boolean operators like AND and OR to refine the search (Dong et al., 2023). The search was initially broad to capture a comprehensive body of evidence. Then, it was fine-tuned through inclusion and exclusion criteria to ensure specificity to the research question.
The inclusion criteria were constructed to ensure that the studies collected were directly pertinent to the research question. First, only peer-reviewed articles published in the last ten years were considered to ensure the most current and rigorously vetted information. Second, the studies had to focus explicitly on African-American males aged 18-30, aligning with the patient population specified in the PICO question. Third, the research had to concentrate either on mindfulness meditation or pharmacological treatments for PTSD (Possemato et al., 2022). Lastly, studies had to offer quantitative data comparing the efficacy of these treatments on PTSD symptoms.
The exclusion criteria were also evident. Studies that did not offer a direct comparison between mindfulness meditation and traditional pharmacological treatments were ruled out, as the research aims to draw distinctions between these two interventions. Research focusing on populations other than African-American males aged 18-30 was excluded to maintain demographic specificity (Grupe et al., 2021). Also, articles published in non-peer-reviewed journals or those over ten years old were eliminated to maintain the research's scientific rigor and contemporary relevance.
The careful selection of databases, coupled with well-thought-out inclusion and exclusion criteria, ensured the collation of the most relevant and reliable body of evidence. This meticulous approach aligns with the advanced practice psychiatric nurses (PMHNPs) role in integrating the best available evidence into patient care (Sun et al., 2022). This evidence base will inform the comparison between mindfulness meditation and pharmacological treatments in managing PTSD symptoms among African American males aged 18-30, providing PMHNPs with valuable insights for more culturally sensitive and patient-centered care (Goldberg et al., 2020). This effort not only enhances healthcare delivery but also influences future research directions and healthcare policies aimed at this vulnerable demographic. Therefore, the chosen PICO question and the accompanying research methods serve as a significant contribution to evidence-based psychiatric care.
The meticulous selection of databases and the strategic application of inclusion and exclusion criteria have been instrumental in gathering robust, evidence-based research for the selected PICO question. This comprehensive approach ensures that the research will offer valuable insights into the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation versus traditional pharmacological treatments for managing PTSD in African-American males aged 18-30. The evidence gathered holds the potential to inform and transform practice among psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners, offering more patient-centered, culturally sensitive, and effective treatment options for this vulnerable demographic.
Dong, S., Campbell, A., Shadden, P., & Massie, J. D. (2023). Racial identity and mindfulness as predictors of Posttraumatic Growth in Black Adults Experiencing Race-Based Trauma. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, pp. 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10447-023-09509-0
Goldberg, S. B., Riordan, K. M., Sun, S., Kearney, D. J., & Simpson, T. L. (2020). Efficacy and acceptability of mindfulness-based interventions for military veterans: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of psychosomatic research, p. 138, 110232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110232
Grupe, D. W., McGehee, C., Smith, C., Francis, A. D., Mumford, J. A., & Davidson, R. J. (2021). Mindfulness training reduces PTSD symptoms and improves stress-related health outcomes in police officers. Journal of police and criminal psychology, pp. 36, 72–85. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-019-09351-4
Possemato, K., Bergen-Cico, D., Buckheit, K., Ramon, A., McKenzie, S., Smith, A. R., … & Pigeon, W. R. (2022). Randomized Clinical Trial of Brief Primary Care–Based Mindfulness Training Versus a Psychoeducational Group for Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 84(1), 44829.
Sun, S., Guy, A. A., Zelaya, D. G., & Operario, D. (2022). Mindfulness for reducing minority stress and promoting health among sexual minority men: Uncovering intervention principles and techniques. Mindfulness, 13(10), 2473-2487. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01973-w
PRISMA Literature Flow Diagram for PICO Question
Studies included in quantitative synthesis (meta-analysis) (n = 5)
Records excluded (n = 175)
Records screened (n = 225)
Records after duplicates removed (n =225)
Additional records identified through other sources (n =50)
Records identified through database searching (n = 200)
Full-text articles assessed for eligibility (n = 50)
Full-text articles excluded, with reasons (n = 40)
Studies included in qualitative synthesis (n = 50)